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Paper Topic:

Ethical Issues

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Adoption

I . Introduction

Adoption , in law , is the act of taking a child of other parents into one 's family as a son or daughter . Adoption is a legal process , and permission of a court is necessary . Consent of the natural parents or the child 's legal guardian is required , and if the child is of a certain age his or her consent also is required . The adopted child acquires the same rights and duties as children born in the family

Adoption was common

in ancient Rome but was not recognized in English common law . Massachusetts passed the first adoption law in the United States in 1851

Moreover , pregnant teenagers who feel they cannot provide a baby with a good quality of life may choose to offer their babies for adoption Adoption is a legal process through which adults are given permanent guardianship of a child who is not biologically theirs . There are long waiting lists of people who want to adopt a child

This defines what adoption is and how does adoption works in the United States and in South America

II . Discussion

A . Adoption Studies

Adoption studies offer additional clues to the relative contributions of nature and nurture . For any given trait , we can ask whether adopted children are more like their adoptive parents , who contribute a home environment , or their biological parents , who contributed their genes The stunning finding from studying hundreds of adoptive families in Minnesota , Texas , and Colorado is that people who grow up together do not much resemble one another in personality , whether biologically related or not (Rowe , 2000 . Moreover , the personalities of parents have been astonishingly unrelated to the personalities of their children Sandra Scarr and her colleagues (1999 ) summarized the findings vividly

It would have to be concluded that upper-middle-class brothers who attended the same school and whose parents took them to the same plays sporting events , music lessons , and therapists and used similar child-rearing practices on them would be found to be only slightly more similar to each other in personality measures than to working-class or farm boys , whose lives would be What we have here is developmental psychology 's newest and one of its biggest puzzles : Why are children in the same family so different ? Is it because even though siblings share half of their genes , each sibling has a very different combination of genes ? Is it because each sibling experiences a different environment (differing peer influences , birth s , and life events

Twin and adoption studies reveal that genetic influences account for nearly 50 percent of person-to-person differences in traits such as outgoingness and emotional instability . What accounts for the other 50 percent ? Because siblings are not appreciably influenced by their shared home environment (shocking as that may sound , researchers assume they are influenced by their nonshared experiences - their own unique experiences . Apparently what affect each child are not much the parents per se as how the child interacts with and experiences them , plus other...

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