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Paper Topic:

English Literature

English Literature English Literature Both Ernest Hemingway and William Faulkner achieved the creation of a unique narrative style (or idiom ) in American fiction . While each of the strove for a distinctly American narrative style and voice few similarities exist in the finished work of each of these artists Hemingway 's idiom is well-noted for it 's sparse , verb-driven syntax what has been described as an "athletic " style of narrative , whereas Faulkner is noted for a deeply idiomatic and -- particularly regional -- in this case , Southern , style of writing which is

steeped in stream-of-consciousness narrative and baroque association and symbolism Additionally , while Hemingway wrote in an almost "calssical " from and diction , Faulkner experimented with dialect and with innovative syntax and fragmented grammar . For Hemingway , restraint in language often helped sustain irony and sarcasm for Faulkner , the rich connotative capacities of language formed a basis for a much more introspective form of narrative

In evidence of Hemingway 's taut , often ironic , prose , he short story "Soldier 's Home " illustrates how the use of irony (and hyperbole functions to transmit the story 's theme . Even the opening line of the story shows Hemingway 's intention to craft a tale with dripping sarcasm , irony , and biting social commentary . Krebs wen to the war from a Methodist college in Kansas ' The bitter theme of this opening line extends throughout the story , and helps forward the story 's central ironic theme : that of the narrator , Krebs , hard pragmatism ' as it conflicts with the hypocritical mendacity of polite society and the church

Hemingway 's ironic thematic suggestion that Krebs ' true birth took place during the war is reinforced by the antagonistic relationship between Krebs and his mother throughout the story . The two characters function as an ironic variation of the hero ' and villain roles of a traditional story . Merely positing a mother and son as antagonists in his short story increases the depth and breadth of Hemingway 's use of irony . Most war stories of the time depicted brave sons and doting , courageous mother after-all , it is the American family and the American way of life that all the soldiers , including Krebs were supposed to be fighting and killing to preserve . When Krebs mother seeks to bring him back into normalcy ' Krebs is , himself far beyond what he views as the childish conventions of American middle-class life

I had a talk with your father last night , Harold ' she said and he is willing for you to take the car out in the evenings

Yeah ' said Krebs , who was not fully awake . Take the car out ? Yeah

Yes . Your father has felt for some time that you should be able to take the car ut in the evenings whenever you wished but we only talked it over last night

I 'll bet you made him ' Krebs said The emasculation of Krebs ' father (completely absent from the discussion ) is Hemingway ' final ironic observation on what initiation into the American way of life leads to for the American man . Krebs may have gone to war in Europe but the real war was between himself and his mother , and this war , though apparently bloodless , was in every way as dire as the Great War . These themes are revealed through Hemingway 's ironic use of "polite " discourse and his abbreviated syntax and spare exposition allow for the issuance of biting sarcasm

By contrast , William Faulkner 's short story "Barn Burning " devises a narrative style which is not sparse , nor "classical " in grammar and syntax , but much more vivid adn bold with its surface level technique Faulkner 's style is not , like Hemingway 's , self-referential in that it achieves much of its emotional or ironic impact by a contrasting of the "correct " and 'sparse " syntax and grammar with the pathos and fragmented consciousness broiling underneath all that formal correctness

In Faulkner 's story , language functions as a a far more readily apparent indicator of the emotional undercurrent which drive it because the surface level of language is "disturbed " by the emotional undercurrent rather than ironically preserved against the unsettling sub-text of the narrative as in Hemingway 's story . A single representative paragraph of Faulkner 's quite complex syntax and diction will readily divulge the vast contrast with Hemingway 's sparse aand controlled style

.the galloping mare was almost upon him before he heard her , and even then he held his course , as if the cry and need must in a moment more find him wings , waiting until the ultimate instant to hurl himself aside and into the weed-choked roadside ditch as the horse thundered past and on , for an instant in furious silhouette against the stars , the tranquil early summer night sky which even before the shape of the horse and rider vanished , stained abruptly and violently upward : a long , swirling roar incredible and soundless blotting the stars , and he springing up and into the road again , running again , knowing it was too late yet still running even after he heard the shot and , an instant later , two shots , pausing now without knowing he had ceased to run , crying "Pap ! Pap " running again before he knew he had begun to run , stumbling , tripping over something and scrabbling Lip again without ceasing to run , looking backward over his shoulder at the glare as he got up , running on among the invisible trees , panting sobbing "Father ! Father

(Faulkner Within this fragment of a single paragraph of Faulkner 's writing , we have yet to find a complete sentence . In fact , the passage quoted above is actually a fragment of a sentence , which , alone , would provide at least a ten sentence entire paragraph in a sample of Hemingway 's prose The repetition and other uses of 'poetic " devices in the Faulkner passage is meant o generate a far more introspective stream-of-consciousness style which allows the reader to enter the mind of the narrator at an intense adn highly immersive level . The intention of both is basically the same : to show the emotional psychological , and intellectual growth or inhibition to growth ) which infuses their protagonists . However , each of the adopted a radically personal technique for accomplishing this in fiction p...

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