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For Elise by Beethoven

For Elise by Beethoven

While Ludwig van Beethoven 's more popular works are his symphonies , one of his works remains popular with piano students- Fur Elise . The piece was created around 1810 , by the time Beethoven had gone deaf (Forelise .com , 2007 . Like its composer , Fur Elise is a subject of much speculation . Fur Elise translates to For Elise and since Beethoven did not marry , several theories have cropped up as to who Elise is According to some scholars , the title was supposed to have read Therese ' instead of Elise ' but due to

Beethoven 's poor handwriting , people deciphered it as Elise (2007 . Therese is said to be Therese Malfatti , a woman Beethoven was in love in but rejected him (2007 . Another theory suggests that Elise ' was a common term of endearment at that time and the piece was a song for lovers (2007 However , the explanation does not suit the composer 's nature (2007 . He was often described as having a tortured personality (Kamien , 1998

Before one can analyze Fur Elise , it is important to study the musical force that was Beethoven

Beethoven was a perfectionist (Kamien , 1998 . For him , music was a moral force (1998 . He was even said to have worked on a single symphony for years (1998 . That was how dedicated he was to his music which served as a reflection of himself (1998 . Under the influence of Haydn and Mozart , Beethoven combined the classical and romantic eras with more intensity (1998 . His works are classified under three periods- early (up to 1802 , middle (1803-1814 , and late (1815-1827 His early works evoked Haydn and Mozart , those of the middle period were said to be longer , while his late works had fugues (1998 . This makes Fur Elise a product from the middle period

There are four elements of music- rhythm , melody , harmony and texture In the succeeding pages , these elements will be the basis for analyzing Fur Elise

Fur Elise is divided into three sections- A , B and C . However , A is repeated so it becomes A-B-A-C-A . Section A , and throughout the piece has a rhythmic fluency of 3 /8 . The tempo is poco moto , which means little motion . It also has a pp or Pianissimo which means soft . Thus the first section is played rather softly and slow yet fluid motion

Fur Elise has a right hand theme with arpeggios in the left hand Arpeggio is playing of a chord with notes sounding in succession . See illustration below

Fur Elise (Beethoven , 1967

Regarding its melody , section A is built on a short motive . This means that section A is used as a foundation for greater melody which comes in Section B . Since Section A is repeated , the structure of melody is repetition , where melody is repeated exactly . This is evinced by the repetition of first 4 bars . The bars are essentially repeated 15 times so if one learns just 4 bars , one will be able to play at least 50 of the piece . Fur Elise has...

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