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Paper Topic:

The Desruction of Cultural Alternatives in Serbia since 1990

THE DESTRUCTION OF CULTURAL ALTERNATIVES IN SERBIA SINCE 1990

The Republic of Serbia

The Republic of Serbia is a country which became an independent state (with Belgrade as its capital ) after Montenegro declared their independence on June 3 , 2006 , leaving the union which both formed after the breakup of Yugoslavia to preserve communism in the area - the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY ) - in 1992 (Central Intelligence Agency , 2008 . It is a landlocked country located on southeastern Europe , bed by Vojvodina - Serbia 's autonomous province - on the north , Romania and Bulgaria on

the east , Macedonia and Kosovo - Serbia 's former autonomous province which proclaimed themselves independent recently last February 17 , 2008 - on the south , and Montenegro and Croatia on the west (Central Intelligence Agency , 2008

Majority of the population are Serbs but there are at least thirty-seven nationalities living in the country such as Albanian , Bulgarian Hungarian , Romany , Yugoslavs , Slovaks , Croats , Turks , Bosniaks and Montenegrin . The country 's constitution ensures the rights of the minorities , thus , even though Serbian is the official language and Cyrillic is the official alphabet , the language and alphabets of the minorities are officially used in the areas where they are located (Serbia Info , 2001

The main religion in the country is Christian Orthodox which , according to Serbia Info (2001 , is one of the factors why Serbian national identity was developed and preserved . However , aside from Christian Orthodox which had been independent in the country since 1219 , there are also other religions being practiced such as Islam , Roman Catholicism Protestantism and Judaism (Serbia Info , 2001

Brief History

Invasion of the Ottoman Turks

Serbia , which had been always significant as it served as a trade route between Europe and Asia back in history , was established by the Celts around third century BCE however , it was later conquered by the Romans and became part of their military frontier (Global Gateway , 2007 . The country has always been at war against the Bulgars , Hungarians and the Byzantine Empire . The first Serb princes ' records date back to the eleventh century where the growth of the country was seen as more trade routes were opened . At 1331 , came the greatest Serb ruler , Dusan , under the Nemanjic Dynasty which lasted from the twelfth century to the fourteenth century - Serbs considered Dusan 's rule as Serbia 's golden age (Durante , 2000

However , at the Battle of Kosovo on 1389 , the Serbs , led by Prince Lazar , were defeated by the Ottoman Turks , causing their kingdom to fall into their hands at the following centuries making the Serbs serve as slaves and second-class citizens . It was not until late nineteenth century when Serbia managed to get their independence . The 1878 Congress of Berlin which consists of diplomats from Russia , Great Britain , Austria-Hungary , France , Italy and the Ottoman Empire , decided what should happen to the countries in the Balkan Peninsula that are under the Ottoman Turks as their empire started to decline (Durante 2000 . As the Turkish power continue to weaken , the Serbs with the Bulgars , Montenegrin...

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