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Paper Topic:

Describe the contributions and limitations of any one theory to the study of personality.

Name 1

Professor 's Name

Psychology of Adjustment

January 2007

Psychodynamic Psyche

It 's no secret that many of us are annoyed by certain people , and many people are probably just as annoyed by us . In as little as a brief encounter , we develop a feeling about people that we meet . Almost instantly we decide whether or not we would ever like to see them again A person 's personality is a strong element in the romantic and platonic relationships we maintain . Personality is so complex that highly educated

psychologists could not pinpoint its development to one single theory . Rather , it is believed that any of four different theories are responsible for the way we behave

The first theory is Biological , in which Hans Eysenck believed that our personality is based on genetics (Wagner ,

.1 . The saying You 're just like your father ' could verify this belief

The next theory is Behavioral . B .F . Skinner and John Watson , who studied this theory , claimed that personality is developed by our interaction with the environment (Wagner ,

.1 . Old western saloon fights could validate this belief . One guy punches another , and pretty soon everyone in the saloon is beating each other up

The third theory is Psychodynamic . Influenced by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erickson , this theory insisted that unconscious mind and childhood events are responsible for developing a person 's personality (Wagner br

.1 . A fear of clowns in one 's adult years could be the result of a negative experience with clowns as a child


Finally , the Humanist Theory , studied by Albert Maslow and Carl Rogers is based on free will and individual experiences (Wagner ,

.1 . An example to prove this theory would be a divorced woman who , after an individual experience with an unfaithful ex-husband , no longer trusts men

Because each one of these theories plays a role in our in personalities , it is difficult to discuss just one . But perhaps the most well known would be Sigmund Freud 's and Erik Erickson 's Psychodynamic Theory . As a child , we develop a sense of right and wrong , friend and stranger , fear and comfort and so on . We carry this knowledge with us throughout adulthood .like looking both ways before we cross the street and going to the bathroom before we go to bed . Based on the psychosexual stages (oral , anal , phallic and latency , our personality is developed according to how we dealt with conflicts during each stage (IoHT ,

.2 Conclusions , however , were developed with limitations . A 3-18 month old child cannot tell us what they are experiencing during the oral stage Similarly , a 3-6 year old child experiencing the phallic stage may be embarrassed about discussing their fascination with their genitals . As the child approaches latency (by puberty , they become more reluctant about discussing sexual issues

All grown up today , the study of the Psychodynamic Theory has offered the contribution of figuring out who we are exactly . The conclusions may be a bit on the inconclusive...

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