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Paper Topic:

Critically discuss how leadership and motivational techniques can improve the performance of organisations. Illustrate your answer with reference to theories of leadership, approaches to motivation/job design and case examples.

Critically discuss how leadership and motivational techniques can improve the performance of organisations . Illustrate your answer with reference to theories of leadership , approaches to motivation /job design and case examples

Answer

Leadership and motivation are interlinked in Performance Management for further developed through strategy . Looking at the organisation , it is necessary examining the role of what is it and how it develops . Then it would be examined the leadership motivational techniques and how might improve the performance of the organization . We can then try to pull all of these together

in some form of strategic approach and our developing concept of improved the performance

Leadership

Leadership has been of awareness of many hundreds of years from the ancient Greek thinker such as Plato and Socrates to the overabundance of management and leadership sage . The necessity for effective leadership has been spoken more strongly in present days . It is argued that leadership provides the answer not only to the accomplishment of individuals and organisations but also to regions , sectors as well as the whole nations

Stogdill (1974 ,

.259 ) concluded that there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept ' Stogdill , R . M (1974 ,

.259 ) pointed out that there are almost as many different definitions of leadership as there are per sons who have attempted to define the concept . We will define managerial leadership as the process of directing and influencing the task- related activities of group members . There are four important implications of our definition

First , leadership involves other people employees or followers . By their willingness to accept directions from the leader , group members help define the leader status and make the leadership process possible without people to lead all the leadership qualities of a manager would be irrelevant Second , leadership involves an unequal distribution of power between leaders and group members Group members are not powerless , they can and do shape group activities in a number of ways still , the leader will usually have more power

Kotter (1990 , p103 ) defined Leadership is different from management but not for the reason most people think . Leadership isn 't mystical and mysterious . It has nothing to do with having charisma or other exotic personality traits . It 's not the province of a chosen few . Nor is leadership necessarily better than management or a replacement for it rather , leadership and management are two distinctive and complementary activities . Both are necessary for success in an increasingly complex and volatile business environment Leadership Functions aimed to improve performance

Researchers exploring leadership functions came to the conclusion that to operate effectively groups need someone to perform tow major functions task-related or problem solving functions and group maintenance or social functions . Group maintenance functions include such actions as mediating disputes and ensuring that individuals feel valued by the group

An individual who is able to perform both roles successfully would be an especially effective leader . In practice however , a leader may have the skill or temperament...

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