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Paper Topic:

Comparison of Similarities and differences between Alfred Adler`s Theory vs Eric Berne`s Theory

Adler vs . Berne

Alfred Adler was a Neo-Freudian psychologist who accepted many of Freud 's ideas , but rejected the presumption that sexual tensions are at the root of development , arguing instead that childhood social tensions are critical to personality development , and that motives other than sex and aggression are responsible for our social development . He also believed that the ego 's conscious control was far greater than what Freud gave it credit for . Adler was responsible for the inferiority complex ' theory , arguing that much of our behavior can be attributed to

feelings of helplessness and inferiority in childhood , resulting in our own struggling to overcome those feelings and achieve a sense of power and superiority . Adler believed that humans form an image of their ideal selves subconsciously , and their behavior is in an effort to convert feelings of inferiority to feelings of superiority , which would lead to the person feeling a sense of completeness ' This struggle to overcome early childhood feelings of inferiority and strive towards their perception of their ideal selves ' is countered by social and ethical demands if this individual 's personal struggle does not fall in line with these social and ethical demands , then that person can potentially become egocentric , power-hungry , aggressive , and worse still . Even in the personal struggle to achieve one 's ideal self , one must still do so within society , and thus must have social concerns and interests

Adler founded the branch of psychology known as individual psychology ' which focused on the individual person as a whole , and not as the sum of their parts , as Freud typically did (by separating the person into their id , ego , and superego . He spoke of a person 's lifestyle ' instead of their personality ' looking specifically at the ways in which they live their lives and interact socially as opposed to focusing on internal traits and personal emotional conflicts . Adler also believed in a more teleological approach to human motivation - that people are motivated for the future rather than driven by the past . At every step of our lifestyles ' we live by fictions we create about ourselves , fictions which tell us who we are and where we are going that essentially provide a framework for our future goals

Adler also devised some pivotal theories in childhood development , as well as in personality typing . He believed that birth plays a significant role in forming (and thus , understanding ) a person 's inherent personality , supplying separate definitions for the only child first child , middle child , and so on . He separated personality types into four categories : ruling , leaning , avoiding , and socially useful Much of these personality traits are formed early in childhood , with the prototype of a person 's future lifestyles being fixed by about age five

Eric Berne was an American psychiatrist best known for his work in transactional analysis . Berne revised Freud 's conception of the human psyche as being composed of three parts - the id , ego , and superego - and instead broke them down into ego states ' which are...

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