Compare and contrast the ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
The Ideal State : According to Socrates , Plato and Aristotle In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality (Kreis , 2000 . Philosophy , as we know it today , obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the of the universe we live in . These men wanted to explain society 's dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties . Among such men were Socrates , Plato , and Aristotle . All
In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality (Kreis , 2000 . Philosophy , as we know it today , obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the of the universe we live in . These men wanted to explain society 's dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties . Among such men were Socrates , Plato , and Aristotle . All
br three great philosophers believed that man was not self-sufficient and that he needed others in to live . In fact , Socrates , Plato , and Aristotle all believed that man needs to be part of a State in to live a truly good life (Studyworld , 1996-2006 . From this , we can then say that what these three great minds had in common was the idea of an ideal State that can rule over the people . Although Socrates , Plato and Aristotle all believed in the concept of an ideal State , they had differing ideas on how this ideal State would work
Socrates , best known for his method of teaching wherein he would engage in endless conversations with young Athenian students , was the first philosopher (among the three ) to formulate a general idea of the ideal State . Socrates , during his time , openly objected to democracy as a form of government (Wikipedia , 2006 . Direct democracy , which is simply understood as a system of government wherein men directly govern themselves , was the Athenian ruling during Socrates ' time . Socrates believed that a direct democracy was not the best system of ruling because he believed that the average man was not capable of ruling himself effectively . For Socrates , the perfect republic can only be led by philosophers because only philosophers have the wisdom or understanding to do so . Socrates was the first philosopher to come up with the idea of the ideal State and the ideal Ruler for it . However Socrates ' notion of perfect state ruling did not end with him alone but rather , it was passed on to his most prized student - Plato
Plato , like Socrates , believed that it took more than the average man to rule the state effectively . Plato believed that the existence of a state came into being because man alone is not economically self-sufficient . Thus , he needs to live within a society wherein there exists a market and the concept of divided work among men Plato 's concept of justice stems from the notion of divided labor in society . He believes that the interests of individuals should not overlap because conflicting wants often leads to chaos . As a result Plato suggests that the ideal state should be ruled under the principle of divided labor among its leaders . In Plato 's ideal state , there are two apparent divisions in handling state affairs . The first division entails that only the traders are allowed to dabble in the economic undertakings . It is the...
More Papers on state, politics, Aristotle, Socrates, Plato
- What is Justice?
- Plato, Gorgias
- Discuss the view of justice that Socrates puts forward in Book 4, and assess whether it provides an adequate response to the arguments that Glaucon and Adeimantus put forward at the beginning of Book 2.
- In the Crito Socrates argues that although he has been unjustly tried and sentenced by the Athenian Courts it would be morally wrong for him to try to escape because he has accepted Athenian Law by remaining in the city-state throughout his lifetime. The
- Platos belief that the Forms explain the way the world is vs Aristotles belief that teleology along w/ the claim that the world is arranged in the the best possible way.
- fathers of philosophy
- education in Plato`s Republic
- interpretive essay on Socrates
- Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Matrix and Response