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Paper Topic:

Compare and contrast anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a profound disturbance of body image and the relentless pursuit of thinness , often to the point of starvation . The dis has been recognized for many decades and has been described in various persons with remarkable uniformity . The dis is much more prevalent in females than in males and usually has its onset in adolescence (Bernstein et al , 1991 . The patient has a characteristic fear of becoming fat , even when drastically underweight They exhibit disturbances of body image they feel fat or misshapen and

br often deny their emancipation (Wilkinson , 1997 . However , do experts tell us , contrary to report in the popular press , anorexia nervosa is a relatively rare dis , occurring in only about 0 .10-1 .0 percent of the population

Bulimia nervosa , which is more common than anorexia nervosa , consists of recurrent episodes of eating large amounts of food accompanied by a feeling of being out of control (Atkinson et al , 1993 . Social interruption or physical discomfort - that is , abdominal pain or nausea - terminates the binge eating , which is often followed by feelings of guilt , depression , or self-disgust . The person also has recurrent compensatory behaviors - such as purging (self-induced vomiting repeated laxative use , or diuretic use , fasting , or excessive exercise - to prevent weight gain

Hypotheses of an underlying psychological disturbance in young women with the dis include conflicts surrounding the transition from a girl to a woman . Psychological issues related to feeling of helplessness and to difficulty establishing autonomy have also been suggested as contributing to the development of the dis anorexia nervosa . Those with bulimia , unlike anorexia patients , may maintain a normal body weight . Bulimia is more prevalent than anorexia with estimates of bulimia nervosa ranging from 1 to 3 percent of young women (Atkinson et al , 1993 Reference

Atkinson , R .L , R .C . Atkinson , E .E . Smith , D .J . Bem , and S Nolen-Hoeksema , 1993 . Introduction to Psychology , 13th ed . New York Harcourt College Publishers

Bernstein , D .A , E .J . Roy , T .K . Srull , and C .D . Wickens , 1991 Psychology . New Jersey : Houghton Mifflin Company

Wilkinson , J .D . and E .A . Campbell . 1997 . Psychology in counseling and therapeutic practice . New York : John Wiley and Sons

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What to do when you see your best friend becoming painfully thin

Where to go when sister talks about how she looks and how much she weighs -

most of the time

When to say to yourself you 've got to ask your pal the hard question - like when you noticed her taking all that food out after bingeing

Detecting someone very close to you of having eating diss can become

quite easy if you know the symptoms . You may admire the tenacity determination and discipline of your sister , friend or relative to follow dieting rules and doing her exercises rigidly and diligently however , the thin line between these traits and the drive that propel anorexics and bulimics to starve and purge , respectively , may be thinner ' than you think . Women may become...

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