Compare and contrast Rosseau and Locke`s conception of property. What would they say to each other?
The seventeenth and eighteenth century gave way to the first thorough Western examination of the nature of property , and the role and duties of government in protecting that property . Two authors specifically - John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau - contributed profoundly to the ensuing study of property rights , laying the intellectual foundations for such later movements as socialism and libertarianism . By examining the two political thinker 's conceptions of property and the relation of their conceived States to the protection of the property , the roots of all modern Western society , from governmental authority
to legal organization , can be found
Locke 's groundbreaking Second Treatise of Government begins with an examination of the basis for the concept of property . Locke conceives of property as a natural right which arises any time human labor is added to the products of nature , thus allowing the laboring individual to appropriate the object to which the labor was added (Locke 28 . He further expands on the conception of property to include lives liberties , and estates ' as all matters which fall under the domain of property (Locke 75 . This conception , including individual lives and liberties within property , was a radically novel concept which held a profound influence over the thinking and design of future governments such as the one of the United States of America
Having established this concept of property as a natural right stemming from labor , Locke then proceeds to delineate the main role of government in relation to this property . As Locke states , The great and chief end therefore , of men 's uniting into commonwealths , and putting themselves under government , is the preservation of their property (Locke 75 . Locke earlier contends that man outside of a government is in a state of nature ' which brings an accompanying state of perfect freedom to their actions , and dispose of their possessions and persons , as they think fit (Locke 4 . This departs significantly from Locke 's predecessor , Hobbes , who contended that the state of nature was truly a state of war of all against all . Locke 's more positivistic view of man leads him to propound the ideas of government as a necessary improvement on the natural state of liberty into which all mankind is born . Locke declares , the end of law is not to abolish or restrain but to preserve and enlarge freedom ' and thus sets the stage for his emphasis on a social contract in which the governed would give consent to a governer in to establish laws and provide protection of all property rights , including life and liberty (34 . Therein lies the essential outgrowth of the justification and aim of government from the natural law of property , placing governors as selected protectorates of an improved state of justice in which freedom from external interference with one 's property can be enjoyed by all citizens
In contrast , though deeply indebted to Locke 's work and drawing heavily from it , Jean-Jacques Rousseau 's conception of property differs greatly from the one espoused by Locke . Rousseau...
More Reports on property, conception, United States, John Locke, Locke
- Compare the differences AND SIMILARITIES between Rousseau and Locke in regards to the origin and political significance of private property. How do they attempt to justify the existence of private property? How do they differ regarding the justification o
- Discuss civil liberties and civil rights in the American system.
- Business LAw
- make up one for me
- contrasting the ideas of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
- Property is prior to the political state
- political philosophy
- John Locke
- John Locke