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Paper Topic:

Compare and Contrast

Compare and Contrast John Locke , Immanuel Kant , and John Dewey 's Theories of Learning


This philosophical will provide an exposition of Locke 's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , Kant 's Critique of Pure Reason , and Dewey 's Democracy and Education . The exposition of the philosophies of the said great thinkers , will serve as the foundation in answering the central point of the , which is to enlighten the readers the implications of these philosophies in the public education

On Locke 's Theory of Learning

During the modern period , the belief

that there are innate ideas imprinted in the mind is widely accepted . This principle developed from a dominant school of thought of the seventeenth century and eighteenth century called rationalism . The proponents of this school of thought are the great rationalists namely , Rene Descartes , Benedict de Spinoza , and Gottfried Leibniz , who argued that the ideas that we have had already existed even if we have not existed yet . Meaning , ideas are already embedded from the moment of our conception . The rationalists also pointed out that we could not grasp the mind because of our imperfection . With this imperfection , our purpose is to discover the indubitable truth [Descartes] , the difference between adequate and inadequate ideas and the nature of our emotions [Spinoza] , and the essence of the monads of all monads [Leibniz]

From this wide acceptance of rationalists ' philosophy is the birth of another school of thought that will eventually refute the claims of the former school of thought , which is empiricism . The proponents of empiricism postulated that there is no innate idea imprinted in the mind . This part of the will focus on the first tenet of empiricism , John Locke , who affirmed the claim of empiricism that there is no innate ideas in the mind , and that the only way we acquire knowledge is through our senses and reflection

According to Locke , innateness of an idea is just a rational hypothesis wherein there is no way it can be proven . He defined innate ideas as some primary notions . Characters as it were stamped upon the mind of man , which the soul receives in its very first being and brings into the world with it ' In coming up to the conclusion that there indeed no innate ideas , Locke presented four major arguments to support this universal assent proves nothing innate , speculative principles proves nothing innate , practical moral principles or that we have innate ideas of God proves nothing innate , and that the use of reason proves nothing innate ? Whatsoever is , is , and it is impossible for the same thing to be and not to be ' According to Locke , if there will be a proof on the given propositions then children and idiots must not have the least comprehension or thought . The rationale for this is , if the children and idiots could not articulate and grasp the ontology of a certain object then there are no innate ideas at all . With this supposition , Locke concluded that there is no...

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