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Paper Topic:

Compare & Contrast the Chinese Art & Japanese Art

COMPARE AND CONTRAST CHINESE AND JAPANESE ART

INTRODUCTION

Arts all over the world are appreciated not only in their beauty but also in their significance to history since most arts , if not all , tells the story of a nation in the period by which they were made . Through these arts historians can compare the civilization of nations , they can tell which of them developed first and they can tell which nations interacted with each other

The purpose of this is to compare and contrast Chinese and Japanese art in the period

of 1650 A .D .-1900

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Chinese art had a 4000 years history . It is acknowledged to be superior in comparison to some other cultures especially with regards to technical perfection . For centuries it continued to flourish under the patronage of Chinese dynasty rulers (Crofton 326 . Their subject is primarily about the mysteries of nature developed out of their love for meditation . Arts were made with reverence to Buddha . Their paintings were governed with the accepted traditional patterns of the brushstroke (Gombrich104 . By the year 1644-1911 China was ruled by the Manchu 's of Mongolia . This reign was called Qing ( pure ) dynasty . At this period China enjoyed peace and prosperity . The Manchu rulers admired the Chinese culture and supported the advancement of its arts (Fiero 93

Japanese Art was copied from China . The Buddhist monks were responsible in introducing Chinese art to Japan in the 6th to 7th centuries However , the Japanese added their own unique artistic ideas . Examples are the translucent many-sided screens from which they draw pictures and also they painted animals or trees using a gold background (Shapiro 2791 . In the year 1603-1868 Japan was ruled by Tokugawa shogunate (shogunate means a rule of military commanders . This was also acknowledged to be a year of peace and prosperity for the Japanese . The shogunate also sponsored the advancement of Japanese arts in this period (Gardner 387 . Fearing foreign influence , both Japan and China isolated themselves from the western world . However , both countries were not successful in their arts . In fact , by 18th century Japan embraced some art techniques and ideas of the west (Gombrich105 . China 's Manchu rulers were also interested with the arts of the west , which was introduced to them by the Jesuit missionaries (Fiero 88

DISCUSSION

PAINTING

MOTIVATION

Chinese painters at this time may be called traditionalists individualists and court painters . The traditionalists are elite artists who used old models of the past dynasties in enhancing Qing art . They recreate old landscape paintings by studying the old system of Chinese art especially those advocated by the Song (descriptive style ) and Yuan dynasty (calligraphic brushwork . The individualists are the artists who did not limit their painting style to the Old school . Their paintings were characteristically less controlled . The court artists and the professional artists were those employed by the Manchu rulers . Popular artists of this nature were Zhu Da and Shitao . Zhu Da 's paintings was still influenced by Zen painters...

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