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Paper Topic:

Compare and Contrast Biological / Biosocial and Classical Theories


Biological or Biosocial and Classical Theories (Name (Institution (Name of Instructor (Course Subject

Biological or Biosocial and Classical Theories of Crime

Classical theory of crime has been developed in the middle of the 18th century based on the utilitarian philosophy like social contract philosophies of HYPERLINK "http /en .wikipedia .org /wiki /Cesare_Beccaria " \o "Cesare Beccaria Cesaer Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham . This theory states that people have their own free will to choose how to act and that avoidance is based on the utilitarian concept that

humans as a hedonist look for pleasure and avoids pain and weighs up the price and benefits of the result of each act ignoring the probability of illogicality and unawareness drives as motivational aspect , and that punishment can stop citizens from crime as the loss (penalties ) balances benefits and that the strictness of the penalty should be balanced to the crime , and states that the more fast and sure the penalty is , the more successful it is in stopping criminal behavior

In the Classical theory of Crime the assumptions are : all people being by nature self seeking ' are responsible to commit crime based onto Adam Smith , there is an agreement on the aspiration of guarding private property , personal safety and current division of life chances , power etc , free will is a psychological truth , people liberally enter a social agreement with the government in preserving harmony and peace laws signifies a coherence of moral agreement , all people are rational and lastly , every person is responsible for his /her deed (Classical It is also said that ' law breaking ' behavior is the outcome of the irrational deeds of some people , who , because of their personal shortcomings are not capable in upholding the agreement with the state or nation . In the classical theory of crime , punishments are given to stop people from disobeying the rights of others and this serves as a choice for the government or nation to implement this penalty since the people independently establish the society . Also , according to this theory , penalties must be equal to the interest violated by the crime and the concentration should be on the act . According to the classical theory , laws should be as few as possible , and its execution should be set down by due process . Penalty should take to compensate valuable activity and reprimand destructive activity of the society (Classical School . And according to this theory penalties should be unfailingly applied based on the crime and there should be no moderating conditions or exclusive cases

According to Bentham , the most applicable thought was called the felicitation principle which states that anything done should be intended to provide the greatest happiness to the most people in the society . According to Bentham , the strictness of penalties had gradually rise resulting to death punishments to be included in more than 200 criminal offences and in turn caused counter-productiveness because it give the reason to kill any witness in every crime to minimize the danger of...

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