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Paper Topic:

Communicative Competence vs. Linguistic Competence

Saville-Troike (2006 ) defines communicative competence as `what a speaker needs to know to communicate appropriately within a language community` (p . 100 . In an essay of 700 to 800 words , discuss the following : How is communicative competence different from pure linguistic competence ? That is , what else is involved in communicative competence in addition to linguistic ability ? Do you believe linguistic competence is sufficient for effective communication (in some contexts at least , or do you agree that communicative competence is always necessary ? Provide some real-life examples to support your opinions Also , refer to

the information in chapter 5 of Saville-Troike (2000 `Introducing Second Language Acquisition` and in chapter 8 of Brown (2007 ) Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (5th ed ) in your essay Dell Hymes states , A normal child acquires knowledge of sentences , not only as grammatical , but also as appropriate . He or she acquires competence as to when to speak , when not , and as to what to talk about with whom , where , in what manner . In short , a child becomes able to accomplish a repertoire of speech acts , to take part in speech events and to evaluate their accomplishment by others

Communicative competence is defined as an aspect of our competence that enables us to convey and interpret meanings and to negotiate meanings interpersonally within specific contexts (Saville-Troike , 2006 Whereas , pure linguistic competence is , subscribing to the various rules of a certain languages . It is the knowledge of grammar , structure and the other set definitions or limitations of the language . It means it is governed by rules or principles of use

Linguistic theory is concerned primarily with an ideal speaker-listener in a completely homogeneous speech-community , who knows its (the speech community 's ) language perfectly and is unaffected by such grammatically irrelevant conditions as memory limitations , distractions , shifts of attention and interest , and errors (random or characteristic ) in applying his knowledge of the language in actual performance (Chomsky , 1965

Linguistic competence is the basis of communicative competence . Without linguistic competence , there is no communicative competence . But communicative competence does not automatically result from linguistic competence

Linguistic competence is the rich body of intuitive knowledge about language and its rules of grammar that speakers have naturally assimilated as they acquired it

It involves the grammatical competence knowledge of the vocabulary , word structure , and sentence structure of a language . Linguistic competence also involves many factors . One factor that contributes to linguistic competence is the ability to detect ambiguity and unravel ambiguity Such as

Visiting mother-in laws can be difficult

There are two possible meanings in this sentence . It could mean

I have to visit my mother-in-law . It can be difficult

Or

2 )My mother-in-law is visiting us . She can be difficult

Another factor is the ability to see relations , such as structural and semantic , among elements which are not overt

Anna is hard to (It means that she is not easy to and that it would take a lot to make her happy

We must remember that actual usage of rules in...

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