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Paper Topic:

Chid and Adolescent Development

RUNNING HEAD : Child and Adolescent Memory

Techniques to Develop Child and Adolescent Memory

[Student 's Name]

March 7 , 2006



The phenomenon of infantile amnesia is not a deficiency in memory development . The inability to recall one 's first steps , first words or first fall , used to be an accepted event , but with recent advances in childhood memory development , psychologist have found a way to be able to avoid infantile amnesia . The solution , as well as other techniques in developing memory in children is the subject of this


There are three types of human memory : sensory , short-term and long-term memories . Sensory applies to the perception of information from stimuli through any of the five senses , within seconds of its occurrence . When the human decides to keep the memory , process it further minutes after the stimulus , information is then stored in the short-term memory Meanwhile , long-term memory is said to store information for a longer period also known as one 's knowledge base

Short-term Memory

In the early development of childhood memory , short-term memory span or capacity is significant . Short-term capacity has been conceived as including both capacity to hold and manage information in memory in a speech-based form (e .g , silently saying things over ) as well as in a visual imagery form (Baddeley HYPERLINK "http /www .questia .com /PM .qst ?a o d (Pressley Schneider 1997 ,

. 21 . Having more capacity ensures greater ability to absorb and contemplate information for a certain period of time . In doing so more facts can be processed and retained for future recall . Techniques to develop short-term memory include rehearsal , chunking and sequencing .Rehearsal is a technique , which assumes that the beginning of listed information is best remembered than the later part . As information is repeatedly provided , children will have better recollection of all premier information and will taper recall for succeeding ones . To illustrate , children can be asked to write down all the letters they can remember when a series is flashed on the screen . As the series gets longer , there is a higher percentage of recall for the letters at the beginning of the list , than the ones at the end of the list

Chunking is a technique brought about by the introduction of , Miller of the "magic " number 7 - 2 ) as the maximum number of chunks of verbal information that could be held in short-term memory at any given instant (Pressley Schneider , 1997 ,

. 23 . Through Dempster 's experiments with children ages 7 to 12 , short-term capacity storage was demonstrated in developmental differences only when the information is chunkable (Pressley Schneider , 1997 ,

. 23 . Information to be stored is grouped in chunks of fives to sevens , similar to breaking down phone numbers into groups of four numbers with a dash in between . In the classroom environment , the use of commas in between numbers is a familiar chunking technique

The last technique , sequencing , maybe the most age-relevant technique in improving memory span . It is the ability to recall information in a...

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