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Paper Topic:

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a major cause of death among women . Each year , nearly 270 ,000 females die due to this disease . Most of these deaths , nearly 85 , occur in the third world countries . The reason for this high rate of death is the absence of proper and early screening mechanisms and facilities in these countries . Developed countries have already established screening programs for the early detection of cervical cancer . The European countries , Australia and the United States have such interventions in their nations (Wittet Tsu , Jun2008 , p488-491

In general

, cervical cancer affects young women . Its incidence increases in women who are around forty years old . The important factors that contribute to cervical cancer mortality are poverty , lack of education and gender equity . The Millennium Development Goals or the MDGs address these contributing factors (Wittet Tsu , Jun2008 , p488-491

Harald zur Hausen , a virologist from Heidelberg , had propounded in the 1970 's that cervical cancer was caused by the Human Papilloma Virus . His hypothesis was accepted in the 1990 's , subsequent to confirmation due to technological breakthroughs in the study of viruses (McIntyre , JULY - AUGUST 2005

HPV infections constitute the second most common cause for cancer that affects women . Each year , nearly 500 ,000 new cases of HPV infection are detected all over the world . This infection is most prevalent amongst the women of underdeveloped nations in Africa , Latin America and South-East Asia who are vulnerable to HPV infection , due to poverty and its associated problems . Nearly 80 of the these nations . The WHO has stated that half of these patients die and that such mortality would increase by 25 , during the next decade . Women with cervical cancer , who live in European countries and the United States , are more likely to survive and their chances of survival are around 70 . In Thailand the chances of survival are 58 , in India it is 42 and in sub-Saharan Africa it is just 21 . In addition , just 41 percent of women in the very low - resource countries have access to treatment facilities (Wittet Tsu , Jun2008 , p488-491

The developed countries have appropriate medical treatment facilities for women with cervical cancer and its detection in the early stages All the same , about 30 to 40 of the women are not interested in undergoing such screening , and many women are reluctant to take the HPV vaccine . Moreover , they do not encourage their teenage daughters to take this vaccination . This vaccine immunizes women from infections caused by HPV strains 16 and 18 , which cause cervical cancer . This immunization is merely a preventive measure and it does not require women not to attend the screening applications (Wittet Tsu , Jun2008 , p488-491

Women who had this immunization have to take regular cervical screening tests . This is because the maximum period of protection provided by this immunization has not been estimated . The situation in low resource nations is alarming because of the lack of cervical cancer screening tests and the provision of appropriate treatment (Wittet Tsu , Jun2008 p488-491

Cervical cancer affects...

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