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Paper Topic:

Book Review Related to Public Administration

Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and their Governments

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This analytical essay presents a book review of the book namely Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and their Governments which was written by Mark Roseland . The bibliography appends one source in APA format





Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and their Governments


Since the last couple of years , the of sustainability has been taken up

on national as well as international basis , because of which a number of policies have been formed . Sustainability is a that has not yet been cleared out to the general public . According to the author of the book , What is a sustainable community ? The concept does not describe just one type of neighborhood , town , city or region . A sustainable community is that uses its resources to meet current needs while ensuring that adequate resources are available for future generations (Roseland , 2005 ) According to the author , a sustainable community is that which maintains a good quality of life while maintaining a level where nature can function overtime by reducing waste products , reducing pollution etc . Despite the fact that sustainable progress can be defined in a vast number of ways , the general idea is one which plans equilibrium and thoughtfulness for economy , atmosphere and impartiality at the same time . Sustainability basically works in ways which can make living easier for the people by producing a secure fit for human habitation , hale and hearty community , where survival is easy for one and all . A vast number of efforts have been made by everyone including the higher authorities as well as the citizens to generate an idea of what their community might be and to build up steps toward making these ideas come true . The book that has been taken under consideration is related to the of sustainability and the efforts that are being made and that can be made in the future as well as the outcome of such steps . The main point of view of the author is that every single human being should make an effort to achieve complete sustainability , according to the author , No one fully understands how or even if , sustainable development can be achieved however , there is a growing consensus that it must be accomplished at the local level if it is ever to be achieved on a global basis (Roseland , 2005


One of the most basic concerns of the common day human being is related to that of global concerns , which have affected the people locally as well as created problem in their day-to-day lives . A vast number of environmental movements have been started so as to motivate people into protecting nature and the natural environment , but on the other hand , the people being incapable human beings have contaminated their societies , cities and towns to slouch without thoughtfulness for resource effectiveness , and as a result , the places they live in have become gross engines of utilization and waste . The communities that the people have built in current times have turned out to be the single foundation of most regional and global environmental problems that intimidate even the most far-off wild areas saved by environmentalists As said by the author , most northern city dwellers are adequately housed and fed , but they meet their basic needs by consuming at rates the planet cannot afford and polluting at rates the planet cannot tolerate (Roseland , 2005

The book that has been taken into consideration , namely , Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments by Mark Roseland is a basic guide that covers anything and everything ranging from bottom-line tactics of resisting bad development and progress to producing better transit and cutting down on waste . In his book , the author has made an effort to put forward to us some of the costs we pay for environmental damage that is caused by us , such as the 310 billion annual subsidies that bankroll the reliance that we have developed on the automobile . Through his book , the author has persuaded us and put forward approaches that can be taken up by us to community development that are heavily dependant on local resources , foster green businesses , and encourage stronger citizen participation in the planning process . The author has put forward ideas that can be taken up by us to cut down on pollution and sprawl , for example he believes that taming cars by banning them from the city centers , or making sure that tenants forgo car ownership as a condition of residence in an apartment complex etc

The book is basically focused on North and South American cities and has put forward information about the kind of pollution , wastes that exist in both the parts of the country . As the author said , most North American cities were built using technologies that assumed abundant and cheap energy and land would be available forever . Communities therefore grew inefficiently and became dependant on lengthy distribution systems . Cheap energy influenced the construction of our spacious homes and buildings , fostered our addiction to the automobile , and increased the separation of our workplaces from our homes (Roseland , 2005

Even though much of the book is very informative , it still lacks in certain aspects . Anyone reading the book might expect a bit more out of it . The book can easily and most usefully be used as a reference guide for sustainability schemes on the society as well as the citizen level On the other hand , the book does not really present a strong argument for sustainability as well as its need in the current times . Every chapter fundamentally begins with the area (e .g . transport , waste management , etc ) and puts forward real life examples of these issues The summaries that have been provided are just somehow a basic list that has been deduced by the author . No underlying principles or notions have been put forward through these summaries . Basically , anyone would expect the book to be a bit more explanatory of its own self and that would create a little more interest in the book itself . But still , the fact remains that the book can be useful for the purpose of being taken up as a reference guide for sustainability . For one it might be hard to understand what the purpose of such a book just might be due to the fact that a basic reference guide is worthless when the is citizen action for the reason that it does not recommend anything convenient or helpful for an individual citizen

According to the author of the book , there are many ways to mobilize citizens and their governments towards sustainable communities but there are also many barriers and obstacles that hamper our progress in this direction . We cannot realistically expect most people to choose sustainable options if they appear to be more difficult or expensive than unsustainable choices (Roseland , 2005 . Hence , the basics of this book revolve around sustainability and the ways by which it can be achieved throughout the national and international platform . It presents ways that can be taken up by communities to make their way towards sustainability . The information that the author has compiled and put forward to us can be used by one and all including citizens , leaders leading authorities , and just about anyone and everyone interested in bringing communities closer together

Toward Sustainable Communities is a book as such that it puts forward realistic propositions and ground-breaking clarifications to a wide variety of municipal and neighborhood problems in obvious and easy language so that it is understood by one and all . The s that have clearly been taken into consideration by the author and are discussed include transportation and traffic management , energy preservation and effectiveness , land use and housing , water and sewage , waste lessening and reprocessing , atmospheric change and air quality , supremacy , and economic and community expansion in the perspective of accomplishing to have what can be called a sustainable community ' Chapters of the book include vast information about s such as the tools and the processes that can be taken up so as to create a sustainable community and the book also contains much information about indispensable contacts and references that are inclusive of e-mail and web addresses

A vast number of serious global environmental issues are deep-seated in local , day-to-day problems . It is believed by the author that it is the local decisions that can be changed and altered so as to benefit all citizens globally . For example , the author believes that expenditure on educating the public is a valuable tool- if people know that their behavior is socially or environmentally harmful , they may change it . The Power Smart program in British Columbia has resulted in energy use in the province (Roseland , 2005 ) This means that the basic point presented by the author is that it is the government and the citizens who should work together to produce a far more sustainable environment so that living is made easy for one and all

Through the book , the author has made a great effort to make out and manuscript the present range of inventiveness toward emerging sustainable communities . A vast number of tools , initiatives , and resources have been put forward , as well as a wide range of references which can help the readers with the research that can be carried out by their own selves . The first part of the book has been dedicated to explore and make the readers understand the meaning of sustainable development and the ways that can be taken up so as to imply it over communities . An outline for sustainable community expansion is also presented along with . The second part of the book on the other hand has been dedicated by the author to present initiatives that can be taken on a communal level to put forward the building blocks of a sustainable community . Every single chapter of the second part of the book is inclusive of a set of sustainable community building blocks . All of the chapters present the readers with a general idea that has been used to give explanation regarding the and its significance to sustainable communities , which is then followed by a set of tools that can be taken up for planning , along with an assortment of practical initiatives , and related resources that have previously turned out to be helpful for citizens and their governments as they make efforts to move toward sustainable communities . For example he begins by putting forward the idea of increasing plants and greenery (and he calls it Greening the City , in our society not only on a governmental level , but as well as the citizens as they can help by setting up plants in their backyards etc

In the end , the third part of the book focuses on actually making efforts to assemble citizens and their governments towards the creation of sustainable communities . The last part of the book is a mere concentration on government of sustainable communities as well as the tools that can be used for preserving and managing community sustainability , and in the end the book concludes with lessons for scheming successful sustainable community development policies . s that are included are related to urban cultivation and aquatic systems water and sewage , preservation issues , air quality , transportation development , land use , housing , and neighborhood economic improvement The book is basically focused on the developed countries of North America , i .e , the United States and Canada


In the light of the above discussion we can hereby culminate that the book under consideration namely , Toward Sustainable Communities Resources for Citizens and Their Governments ' has been written by Mark Roseland . The book is an excellent reference guide and puts forward much information about sustainability and the steps that can be taken by one and all to achieve a sustainable environment as well as the ways to preserve it . The language is easy to understand , but the book would have been better had it presented more information about the need of sustainability


Roseland , M (2005 . Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments by Mark Roseland . New Society Publishers United States of America . ISBN



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