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Paper Topic:

Body Mass Index in Association to Access to food Stores


Normal weight has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO ) as having a body mass index (BMI ) of 18 .5 to 24 .9 kg /m2 (Deurenberg and Yap , 1999 Weisell , 2002 . BMI is the ratio of an individual 's weight in kilograms (kg ) to his heights in meters squared (m2 . An individual with a BMI of 25 to 29 kg /m2 is classified as overweight , those with BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg /m2 are categorized as moderately obese and

people with BMI of 40 kg /m2 and above are identified as morbidly obese . Obesity was earlier considered as an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure . Today , obesity is regarded as a disease that is strongly influenced by genetic , physiologic and behavioral factors (Jequier and Tappy , 1999 . The global estimate of overweight people is currently 1 .2 billion , of which at least 300 million are classified as obese . Obesity has been identified as a preventable health risk , but unfortunately , the mortality rate of this disease is still high , contributing to approximately 300 ,000 deaths each year in the United States alone . Since the cases of overweight and obesity are continually increasing without any preference to economic status of a country , health governing bodies have put in a significant effort to promote awareness of this disease and intervention programs that would teach the public of the risks of being overweight and /or obese . A major factor that influences such excessive weight gain is the poor lifestyle choices individuals make , in terms of their eating , exercising and physical activities

In the by Powell et al (2007 ) entitled Associations between access to food stores and adolescent body mass index ' the influence of food stores to body weight is discussed with a surprising result . Food consumption and access to food stores are two major lifestyle factors have been suggested to influence the significant increase in rates of obesity . Classically , there has been a general and significant increase in the amount of money spent towards food bought outside the home , and that the choices of the general public as food are those that are easily accessible , quick to prepare and of very reasonable prices . Hence , food stores have been the popular choice of the public , because these are strategically located at almost every specific area in every city . Food stores offer items that are cheap and quick to serve

The study conducted by Powell et al (2007 ) involved survey data from high school students in relation to different kinds of food stores and restaurant establishments . The number of food stores , as correlated with the prices of the food items , was analyzed in correspondence to the zip codes of the students participating in the study . BMI was estimated using the height and weight of the participants and categorized according to the growth chart of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC . The survey showed an interesting result that access to...

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