The Bitter Heritage, Vietnam and American Democracy(1941-1968), by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
Schlesinger , Arthur M , Jr . The Bitter Heritage : Vietnam and American Democracy , 1941-1966 . Boston : Houghton Mifflin , 1967 Arthur Schlesinger 's The Bitter Heritage is a short , insightful analysis of the Vietnam War 's many negative effects on both that nation and the United States . Written at the height of the conflict (and before the Tet Offensive , which convinced many that the war was futile the book traces the history of American involvement in Indochina and argues that what should have been a political problem became an unwise military commitment created by hubris and
Arthur Schlesinger 's The Bitter Heritage is a short , insightful analysis of the Vietnam War 's many negative effects on both that nation and the United States . Written at the height of the conflict (and before the Tet Offensive , which convinced many that the war was futile the book traces the history of American involvement in Indochina and argues that what should have been a political problem became an unwise military commitment created by hubris and
misinterpretation . In addition , Schlesinger calls for a gradual withdrawal and rethinking of how to approach what by 1966 was already a quagmire
The book starts with a chapter tracing the American involvement in Vietnam , beginning in 1941 , when the Japanese invaded what was then a rubber-rich French colony and Franklin Roosevelt responded by freezing Japanese assets in the United States - thus helping provoke the attack on Pearl Harbor . While the anti-imperialist Roosevelt wanted Vietnam independent after a short trusteeship , his wishes died with him and Truman and Eisenhower both committed themselves to restoring French control , paying 78 percent of the First Indochina War 's costs (5
After the French defeat in 1954 , Schlesinger maintains that Eisenhower and Kennedy both supported the corrupt , unpopular Diem regime in South Vietnam , wrongly believing it part of a greater Cold War struggle against the Soviet Union and China when it was primarily a nationalist war for independence and reunification . Hoping to maintain Western control , the United States supported Diem despite his being elitist anti-democratic , and out of touch with South Vietnam 's large peasant population , which increasingly supported Ho Chi Minh (Schlesinger adds that the Hanoi government initially gave virtually no support to rebels in the south until 1960 ) As the insAmerican troops as advisors ' turning what began as a political problem into a military one that simply kept growing . Still , in 1963 Vietnam was not a large , urgent problem
The rest of the work is Schlesinger 's analysis of what was then the present situation , as of 1966 the United States had over 400 ,000 combat troops in Vietnam with no end of the conflict in sight and the war escalating without viable results . He claims that Vietnam is a triumph of the politics of inadvertence (31 , meaning that American leadership had basically blundered into a large conflict by misreading the conflict as a simplistic Cold War matter , believing in its own propaganda that Ho was the initial aggressor (in truth , he says , South Vietnamese insurgents began the second war , and misusing its military might where political skill would have proven more effective
As a result , Schlesinger argues that the United States was actually doing far more to destroy Vietnam than to help it he claims , Our strategy in Vietnam today is rather like trying to weed a garden with a bulldozer (47 . In addition , he notes that the stalemated conflict had cost the United States considerable prestige among world nations...
More Reports on vietnam, schlesinger, United States, American, North Vietnam
- The Tragedy of Vietnam (3rd edition)
- How effective was American counter insurgency in Vietnam and how effective were the insurgents?
- Is it right to regard American involvement in Vietnam as a total failure
- 7.The Vietnam War had a significant impact on American Society and US Foreign Policy.
- US Involvement in Vietnam
- What events , policies and goals led the United States to involve itself in Vietnam to escalate, and to waver in its commitment by 1968
- American nationalism during the vietnam war
- compare and contrast the vietnam conflict with the current war in Iraq. what are the similarities what are the differences. carefully analyze and critique the causes and major policy decisions of both conflicts.
- American involvement in Vietnam war
- Book Title Assignment
Related searches on North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Arthur
- American studies
- sample papers on American Democracy
- reports on Arthur
- vietnam analysis
- merits of American Democracy
- disadvantages of American
- advantages and disadvantages of Bitter Heritage
- United States summary
- cause and effect of schlesinger
- American fallacies
- North Vietnam test
- advantages of schlesinger
- vietnam introduction