The Bitter Heritage, Vietnam and American Democracy(1941-1968), by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
Schlesinger , Arthur M , Jr . The Bitter Heritage : Vietnam and American Democracy , 1941-1966 . Boston : Houghton Mifflin , 1967 Arthur Schlesinger 's The Bitter Heritage is a short , insightful analysis of the Vietnam War 's many negative effects on both that nation and the United States . Written at the height of the conflict (and before the Tet Offensive , which convinced many that the war was futile the book traces the history of American involvement in Indochina and argues that what should have been a political problem became an unwise military commitment created by hubris and
Arthur Schlesinger 's The Bitter Heritage is a short , insightful analysis of the Vietnam War 's many negative effects on both that nation and the United States . Written at the height of the conflict (and before the Tet Offensive , which convinced many that the war was futile the book traces the history of American involvement in Indochina and argues that what should have been a political problem became an unwise military commitment created by hubris and
misinterpretation . In addition , Schlesinger calls for a gradual withdrawal and rethinking of how to approach what by 1966 was already a quagmire
The book starts with a chapter tracing the American involvement in Vietnam , beginning in 1941 , when the Japanese invaded what was then a rubber-rich French colony and Franklin Roosevelt responded by freezing Japanese assets in the United States - thus helping provoke the attack on Pearl Harbor . While the anti-imperialist Roosevelt wanted Vietnam independent after a short trusteeship , his wishes died with him and Truman and Eisenhower both committed themselves to restoring French control , paying 78 percent of the First Indochina War 's costs (5
After the French defeat in 1954 , Schlesinger maintains that Eisenhower and Kennedy both supported the corrupt , unpopular Diem regime in South Vietnam , wrongly believing it part of a greater Cold War struggle against the Soviet Union and China when it was primarily a nationalist war for independence and reunification . Hoping to maintain Western control , the United States supported Diem despite his being elitist anti-democratic , and out of touch with South Vietnam 's large peasant population , which increasingly supported Ho Chi Minh (Schlesinger adds that the Hanoi government initially gave virtually no support to rebels in the south until 1960 ) As the insAmerican troops as advisors ' turning what began as a political problem into a military one that simply kept growing . Still , in 1963 Vietnam was not a large , urgent problem
The rest of the work is Schlesinger 's analysis of what was then the present situation , as of 1966 the United States had over 400 ,000 combat troops in Vietnam with no end of the conflict in sight and the war escalating without viable results . He claims that Vietnam is a triumph of the politics of inadvertence (31 , meaning that American leadership had basically blundered into a large conflict by misreading the conflict as a simplistic Cold War matter , believing in its own propaganda that Ho was the initial aggressor (in truth , he says , South Vietnamese insurgents began the second war , and misusing its military might where political skill would have proven more effective
As a result , Schlesinger argues that the United States was actually doing far more to destroy Vietnam than to help it he claims , Our strategy in Vietnam today is rather like trying to weed a garden with a bulldozer (47 . In addition , he notes that the stalemated conflict had cost the United States considerable prestige among world nations...
More Essays on vietnam, schlesinger, United States, American, North Vietnam
- The Tragedy of Vietnam (3rd edition)
- How effective was American counter insurgency in Vietnam and how effective were the insurgents?
- Is it right to regard American involvement in Vietnam as a total failure
- 7.The Vietnam War had a significant impact on American Society and US Foreign Policy.
- American involvement in Vietnam war
- Book Title Assignment
- American Foreign Policy
- The American Industrial/Business Revolution
- Counterinsurgencies differencies between The Indian War and Vietnam
- History Internal Assessment
Related searches on North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Arthur
- schlesinger papers
- sample essays on American
- courseworks on United States
- American analysis
- merits of Arthur
- disadvantages of vietnam
- advantages and disadvantages of Bitter Heritage
- schlesinger summary
- cause and effect of schlesinger
- American Democracy fallacies
- South Vietnam test
- advantages of vietnam
- American introduction