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Beethoven Symphony No. 5

Beethoven Symphony No . 5

The C minor Symphony is not only the best known , and therefore the most generally enjoyed , of Beethoven 's nine Symphonies , but it is a more universal favourite than any other work of the same class . It is the only one of the nine which is sufficiently well known to have broken the barriers of a repulsive nomenclature , and to have become familiar outside a certain more or less initiated circle , by its technical name The C minor Symphony is often spoken of as if it were a miracle

of irregularity , and almost as if in composing it Beethoven had abandoned the ordinary rules which regulate the construction of a piece of music put down whatever came uppermost in his mind , and by the innate force of genius produced a masterpiece which seized the world with admiration and has kept it in astonishment ever since

The C minor Symphony is the fifth of the series . It was intended to follow the Eroica , and was begun in the year 1805 . The first performance took place at Vienna , December 22 , 1808 the first performance in England was by the Philharmonic Society , April 15 , 1816 . The modern Romantic movement , whether called so or not , seems to have taken place earlier in music than it did in literature and , whoever else may aspire to the honour of leading it , Beethoven was really its prophet , and the C minor Symphony its first great and assured triumph . The end of the Symphony in D , the Eroica , the Overture to 'Leonora ' are all essays in the Romantic direction , animated by the new fire but the C minor is the first unmistakable appearance of the goddess herself in her shining heavenly panoply (Hoffmann 1971 . The C minor Symphony at once set the example , and made possible the existence of the most picturesque and poetical music of Mendelssohn , Schumann , Brahms , and Tschapkoffsky

The first movement of Beethoven 's C minor Symphony is framed as exactly as is the first movement of his C major Symphony - as the Trios and Sonatas with which he started on his career before the public . To give an outline of the construction of the Symphony . Its structure - in musical language , its 'form ' - is as follows . The opening subject is in the key of C minor , and is quickly answered by a second , in the key of E flat , the 'relative major ' in which key the first section of the movement ends . That section having been repeated , we go on to the workingout , by no means long , and confined for its construction almost entirely to materials already furnished . Then comes the reprise of the opening , with the usual changes of key , a short Coda , and the movement is at an end ! These sections are all , with a rare uniformity , almost exactly of the same length : to the double bar , 124 bars the working-out , 123 the reprise , 126 and the Coda , 129 . In fact , the movement is much stricter in its...

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