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Paper Topic:

Analytical Essay on Epic of Gilgamesh

SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1

Symbol and Metaphor in the Epic of Gilgamesh

Civilization on Trial

Abstract

This will focus on the nature of civilization and its relation to the lower , more animal part of man . Ultimately , this argues that civilization is self-defeating , and the sacrifices it requires cancel out any of its benefits . While Gilgamesh and Enkidu are more powerful together than apart , there is no reason to believe that they are more happy

The Epic of Gilgamesh is a story about the fate of man and , more

specifically , the nature of his accomplishments in the context of impending death . It is a battle between the virtues of civilization and the virtues of man in his natural , savage ' state . Hence , the products of civilization are on trial here . The society of Mesopotamia at the time was highly advanced , urban and possessed of technology and science Hence , it seems only natural that questions of civilization , and the sacrifices necessary to bring it about and maintain it , would be a central concern for the region

It seems that the gods , who play a substantial role in this epic , are just as human as the human beings in the drama . Typical of the pagan mentality , the gods are actually human beings with extraordinary powers not different from the modern superhero (rather than the God of the Hebrews or Christians . Gilgamesh himself is one third divine , as he descends from the mother goddess Rimat . But this is precisely the problem-being partly...

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