ASSESSMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY
(Ormrod , 2003 . In this context , portfolio assessments can shape the basis for integrating numerous concepts into one assessment system , encouraging student creativity and engendering self-reflection , but such portfolio solutions require more time to score , and many students who have been working extensively in classroom may find such complicated assessments too intimidating to ever receive a good grade (Wolf , 1989 . In the light of this information , and bearing in mind that assessment strategies can be easily misused in classroom teachers may find it appropriate to combine several different assessment techniques . For example
, the number of teacher-based tests should be reduced to minimum , while a reasonable combination of portfolios and observations may serve a reliable source of grading and scoring students at the end of the learning unit . Portfolios should be designed in a way that does not distort but on the contrary , facilitates students memorizing and recalling , while observations should cover a broad range of learning initiatives and progress factors in classroom . Teacher-made tests can be used on occasional basis for brief evaluation of the student progress at some stages of learning
Hills , T (1997 . Critical issue : Assessing young children 's progress appropriately . North
Central Regional Educational Laboratory . Retrieved July 16 , 2009 from HYPERLINK "http /www .ncrel .org /sdrs /areas /issues /students /earlycld /ea500 .htm http /www .ncrel .org /sdrs /areas /issues /students /earlycld /ea500 .htm
Nicolson , S Shipstead , S .G (2002 . Through the looking glass Observations in the early
childhood classroom , 3rd ed . Upper Saddle River , NJ : Prentice Hall
Ormrod , J .E (2003 . Educational psychology : Developing learners Columbus : Merrill
Wolf , D (1989 . Portfolio assessment : Sampling student work Educational Leadership , 46 (7 : 35-37
PAGE 3 Assessment and Accountability...
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