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Paper Topic:

540 Critical Thinking Questions

Critical-Thinking Questions : The Social Bond , Positive and Negative Reinforcement

and the Self Control Theory

Name

Institution

Critical-Thinking Questions : The Social Bond , Positive and Negative Reinforcement

and the Self Control Theory

The Social Bond

According to Dan Okada (2011 , Hirschi integrated the aspects of social disorganization , labeling , differential association , containment , and anomie in order to propose the elements of the social bond . The bond contains four vital elements : attachment , commitment , involvement , and belief (Okada , 2011 ,

. 42 ) all of which create a bond to the conventional order

(Okada , 2011 ,

. 42 ) when fused together . It is stated that if the bond is strong , there are increased chances of prosocial behaviors and activities , whereas the opposite would mean that crime is more likely to occur (Okada , 2011

Among the aspects relevant to the theory of the social bond which are credited to the University of Chicago are the theories of social disorganization . These theories are the legacy of the University of Chicago (Okada , 2011 ,

. 42 ) for their Department of Sociology is considered to be a sacred ground for America 's criminology . The school began their studies on the city of Chicago , using the various data collected from people , places , and objects found within the area Without the numerous studies conducted regarding social disorganization by the University of Chicago , Hirschi would not have been able to integrate the aspect of social organization to explain the elements of the social bond (Okada , 2011

Reinforcement and Punishment

Reinforcement is referred to as an event...

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